The Regimental Archive of the
Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia)

Picture of a seventeenth century militiaman, a nineteenth century officer, and a twentieth century sapper
The Regiment through the ages
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The Castle and Regimental Museum, Monmouth, holds the records of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia). The Regiment was formed in the sixteenth century and the records cover the period 1786 to 1991.

The Regiment was originally a local militia and is now part of the Territorial Army. Throughout its long history, it has always been a reserve force, composed of men with ordinary occupations who were brought together at intervals for training, and were called upon for active service at times of need. It is the senior regiment in the reserve Army.

You can find out more on the history of the Regiment on the museum website and about the Regiment today on the British Army website.

The title of the Regiment has changed over time:
A painting of the Regiment stationed at Pembroke Dock in 1855. At this date, it was called the Royal Monmouthshire (Light Infantry) Militia
The Regiment at Pembroke
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Monmouthshire Militia (1660-1793)
Monmouth and Brecon Militia (1793-1804)
Royal Monmouth and Brecon Militia (1804-1820)
Royal Monmouthshire Militia (1820-1852)
Royal Monmouthshire (Light Infantry) Militia (1852-1877)
Royal Monmouthshire Engineers (Militia) (1877-1896)
Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia) (1896 to date)

Most of the changes in the title were just changes of name. However, the change in 1877 was a major one as at this date the Regiment was converted from an infantry regiment to a regiment of engineers.

The Regiment was 'embodied' (called up for active service) at the following times:
Photograph of members of the Regiment on a temporary railway bridge over a river, with a locomotive on the bridge.
Temporary railway bridge
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Wars with France (1793-1815)
Crimean War (1854-1856)
Second Boer War (1899-1902)
First World War (1914-1918)
Second World War (1939-1945).

More recently, units from the Regiment have served in Bosnia [1997] and Iraq (2003 and 2007), but the records of these periods of mobilisation are not held as part of the Archive.

Photograph of several old volumes from the archive
Some of the records
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The Regimental archive contains fascinating records of interest to many people, including those researching military history and family and local historians. More about the Regimental Archive>

As well as the Regimental Archive (that is, the records of the Regiment itself) the Castle and Regimental Museum also holds other smaller archive collections which have been donated by other organisations and by individuals. Find out more about these here.

Museum coat of arms

Project to catalogue the archives and develop the archival website funded by:

Welsh Government logo